Department of

Architectural Engineering

 


Publications - Thermal Energy Storage

  • Journals

    1. Bahnfleth, W. and W. Joyce. 1994. Energy use in a district cooling system with stratified chilled water storage. ASHRAE Transactions 100(1): 1767-1778.
    2. Caldwell, J. and W. Bahnfleth. 1997. Chilled water storage feasibility without electric rate incentives or rebates. ASCE Journal of Architectural Engineering 3(3): 133-140.
    3. Musser, A. and W. Bahnfleth. 1998. Evolution of temperature distributions in a full-scale stratified chilled water storage tank. ASHRAE Transactions 104(1): 55-67.
    4. Bahnfleth, W. and D. Reindl. 1998. Prospects for cool thermal storage in a competitive electric power industry. ASCE Journal of Architectural Engineering 4(1): 18-25.
    5. Bahnfleth, W. and A. Musser. 1998. Thermal performance of a full-scale stratified chilled water thermal storage tank. ASHRAE Transactions 104(2) 377-388.
    6. Caldwell, J. and W. Bahnfleth. 1998. Identification of mixing effects in stratified chilled water storage tanks by analysis of time series temperature data. ASHRAE Transactions 104(2): 366-376.
    7. Bahnfleth, W. and C. Kirchner. 1999. Analysis of transfer pumping interfaces for stratified chilled water thermal storage systems--part 1: model development. ASHRAE Transactions 105(1): 3-18.
    8. Bahnfleth, W. and C. Kirchner. 1999. Analysis of transfer pumping interfaces for stratified chilled water thermal storage systems--part 2: parametric study. ASHRAE Transactions 105(1): 19-40.
    9. Musser, A. and W. Bahnfleth. 1999. Field-measured performance of four full-scale cylindrical stratified chilled-water thermal storage tanks. ASHRAE Transactions 105(2): 218-230.
    10. Musser, A. and W. Bahnfleth. 2001. Charging inlet diffuser performance in stratified chilled water storage tanks with radial diffusers. Part 1: Model development and validation. International Journal of HVAC&R Research: 7(1): 31-49.
    11. Musser, A. and W. Bahnfleth. 2001. Charging inlet diffuser performance in stratified chilled water storage tanks with radial diffusers. Part 2: Dimensional analysis, parametric simulations and simplified model development. International Journal of HVAC&R Research: 7(2): 51-65.
    12. Bahnfleth, W., G. McLeod and S. Bowins. 2003. Chilled water storage in Western Australia. ASHRAE Transactions 109(1): 10 pages.
    13. Bahnfleth, W., J. Song and J. Cimbala. 2003. Measured and modeled charging of a stratified chilled water thermal storage tank with slotted pipe diffusers. International Journal of HVAC&R Research: 9(4):467-491.
    14. Song, J., W. Bahnfleth, and J. Cimbala.  2004.  Parametric study of single-pipe diffusers in stratified chilled water storage tanks (1185-RP).  International Journal of HVAC&R Research 10(3):345-365.
    15. Bahnfleth, W. and J. Song.  2005.  Constant flow rate charging characteristics of a full-scale stratified chilled water storage tank with double-ring slotted pipe diffusers.  Applied Thermal Engineering: 25(17-18): 3067-3082.

    Conferences

    1. Bahnfleth, W. 1996. Synergisms in the relationship of chilled water thermal storage and district cooling. Electric Power Research Institute International Conference on Sustainable Thermal Energy Storage pp. 110-114.
    2. Bahnfleth, W. and C. Kirchner. 1997. Application of variable speed energy recovery turbines to chilled water storage transfer pumping interfaces. Proceedings of the International District Energy Association 88th Annual Conference 88:221-235.
    3. Bahnfleth, W. and A. Musser. 1997. Performance of stratified chilled water thermal energy storage tanks in district cooling applications. Proceedings of the IDEA 12th Annual Cooling Conference pp. XI-1 through XI-15.
    4. Bahnfleth, W., A. Musser and C. Peretti. 1998. Design considerations for the use of chilled water thermal storage as emergency cooling capacity. Proceedings of the IDEA 11th Annual College/University Conference pp. XVI-1 through XVI-13.
    5. Bahnfleth, W. and D. Reindl. 1998. Prospects for cool thermal storage in a competitive electric power industry. Proceedings of the International Conference on Energy and Environment pp. 108-122.
    6. Bahnfleth, W. and A. Musser. 1998. Case study of stratified chilled water storage utilization for comfort and process cooling in a hot, humid climate. Eleventh Symposium on Improving Building Systems in Hot and Humid Climates pp. 269-277.
    7. Bahnfleth, W. and A. Musser. 1999. Design and operation of stratified chilled water storage systems: lessons from practice and research. Proceedings of the AIRAH/ASHRAE Joint1999 International Heating, Ventilation, Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration Convention, 10 pages.
    8. Bahnfleth, W. and A. Musser. 1999. Design considerations for full-scale stratified chilled water storage tanks with radial parallel plate diffusers. Proceedings of the Third International Symposium on Heating, Ventilation and Air Conditioning pp. 516-525.
    9. Bahnfleth, W. 1995. Hydraulic issues in the design of chilled water storage systems. Proceedings of the International District Energy Association 86th Annual Conference 86: 253-264.
    10. Cimbala, J., W. Bahnfleth and J. Song. 1999. Characterization of perforated pipe inlet diffuser performance for stratified thermal storage (abstract). Bulletin of the American Physical Society 44(8): 63.
    11. Reindl, D. and W. Bahnfleth. 2000. "Sensible Energy Change Technologies: Emerging Fluids for Capacity Enhancement. 50th Event of the High Density Energy Storage Technical Committee, Heat Pump and Thermal Storage Center, Tokyo, Japan.

    Magazine Articles

    1. Joyce, W. and W. Bahnfleth. 1992. Cornell thermal storage system saves money and electricity. District Heating and Cooling. 77(4): 22-29.
    2. Bahnfleth, W. and W. Joyce. 1995. Stratified storage economically increases capacity and efficiency of campus chilled water system. ASHRAE Journal 37(4): 46-49.
    3. Bahnfleth, W. 1997. Stratified chilled water thermal storage research at Penn State. NSAE Times. Winter 1997. National Society of Architectural Engineers. p. 5.
    4. Bahnfleth, W. and A. Musser. 1999. Design and operation of stratified chilled water storage systems. AIRAH Journal 53(8): 30-37.
    5. Hale, B. and W. Bahnfleth. 1999. Hot technology for large cooling systems. Penn State Engineering 15(3): 10-11.
    6. Bahnfleth, W. and A. Musser. 2001. Design and operation of stratified chilled water storage systems. Refrigeration and Airconditioning 17(1): 21-25.
    7. Bahnfleth, W. 2002. Cool thermal storage: is it still cool? HPAC Engineering 74(4): 49-54.

    Books or Parts of Books

    1. Bahnfleth W. 1995. "Water Storage." In ASHRAE Handbook-1995 Application, ed. R. Parsons. Atlanta, GA:ASHRAE. Pages 40.9-40.11. (Edited and revised)
    2. Bahnfleth W. 1999. "Water Storage." In ASHRAE Handbook-1999 Application, ed. R. Parsons. Atlanta, GA:ASHRAE. Pages 33.10-33.12. (Edited and revised)
    3. Bahnfleth, W. 2000. "Chapter 6-Sensible Energy Change System Technologies." In Cool Storage Technology Guide, by C. B. Dorgan, C. E. Dorgan, D. Reindl, W. Bahnfleth. Palo Alto, CA: Electric Power Research Institute. pp. 6-1 through 6-31
    4. Reindl, D. and W. Bahnfleth. 2001. "Chapter 5.4.12-Thermal Energy Storage." In Facilities Engineering and Management Handbook: an Integrated Approach, ed. P. Smith. New York: McGraw-Hill. 9 pages.
    5. Bahnfleth W. 2003. "Water Storage." In ASHRAE Handbook-2003 Application, ed. M. Owen. Atlanta, GA:ASHRAE. Pages 34.9-34.11. (Edited and revised)
    6. Bahnfleth, W.  2005.  “What is thermal energy storage, how does it work, and what are its benefits?” In AccessScience, the McGraw-Hill Encyclopedia of Science & Technology Online.  New York, NY: McGraw-Hill.  400 word article with four figures and references.  Published electronically.
    7. Bahnfleth W.  2007.  "Water Storage."  In ASHRAE Handbook-2007 Application, ed. M. Owen.  Atlanta, GA:ASHRAE.  (Edited and revised)