microbial fuel cell

Research

Civil and Environmental Engineering Research Activities

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Faculty in the Civil & Environmental Engineering Department are heavily involved in Environmental Research in the general areas of water treatment technology, field and laboratory scale remediation of industrial contamination, point and non-point source pollution analysis, water resource systems modeling and management, surface and groundwater studies, environmental safety, risk analysis and environmental fluid mechanics. In addition to environmental research, the Civil & Environmental Engineering Department also participates in energy research. A few of the topics currently being study include bioelectricity production, microbial fuel cells, energy dependence on freshwater, and fossil fuel use for individuals and households.

Research areas include:

  • Bioremediation of soil, sediment, groundwater
  • Role of iron reducing bacteria on metals and radionuclides
  • Researching pollutant and odorant removal from water and air
  • Pollution prevention in foundries
  • Tailoring of activated carbons for cleaning water and air.
  • Aquatic chemistry with an emphasis on solid-liquid interfacial phenomena (adsorption, treatment of acid mine drainage, coagulation in water & redox and precipitation processes).
  • Stochastic and numerical modeling of groundwater flow and solute transport
  • Modeling large-scale hydrologic systems and space-time dynamical environmental models
  • Stratified flows turbulent mixing, coastal processes and wave mechanics.
  • Restoration of stream stability and habitat, sediment transport and sediment reduction through erosion mitigation.
  • Environmental and chemical transport processes
  • Biological wastewater treatment
  • Surface water quality modeling
  • Chromium (VI) emissions from industrial sources
  • Environmental pollution control; solid and hazardous waste management; beneficial use of industry residuals
  • Microbiology of wastewater treatment and polluted water
  • Acidic mine drainage
  • Finite element modeling of coupled hydrolic, geochemical and biological systems
  • Bioenergy production
  • Microbial fuel cells that directly produce electricity using bacteria
  • Microbial electrolysis cells that can produce hydrogen or methane gas
  • Power plant management and placement
  • Fossil fuel use
  • Flow and sediment transitions through bridges and culverts
  • Probabilistic Projections of Watershed Services in US Headwaters under Climate Change Scenarios
  • Climate Change Impact Assessment for Pennsylvania
  • Understanding the Scaling of N Cycle Controls Throughout a River Network