Production of Hydrogen from Alcohol & Renewable Fuels

Song, Chunshan
Energy and Geo-Environmental Engineering
csong@psu.edu

 

New advances allow hydrogen to be produced from renewable fuels such as bio-ethanol.  This reduces the net release of CO2 to the atmosphere and does not deplete valuable natural resources.  The reforming of methanol or ethanol occurs in the presence of oxygen at low temperatures to produce hydrogen-rich gas.  We are currently working on two projects related to the reforming of alcohols and renewable fuels. 1) Deep CO conversion by oxygen-assisted water/gas shifted reaction since PEM fuel cells are sensitive to CO poisoning.  2) Development of new catalysts for more effective reforming of bio-fuels to produce hydrogen. The production of hydroge gas from renewable sources is shown schematically in the following figure.

For more information, please contact Chunshan Song.
 

A few Selected Papers:

1. Shen, J.-P.; Song, C. “Influence of preparation method on performance of Cu/Zn-based catalysts for low-temperature Steam reforming and Oxidative steam reforming of methanol for H2 production for fuel cells”, Catal.Today, 2002, 77, 89.

2. Song, C. “Catalytic Fuel Processing for Fuel Cell Applications.  Challenges and Opportunities”, Preprints of Symposia – American Chemical Society, Division of Fuel Chemistry, 2001, 46, 8.

3. Kugai, J.; Velu, S.; Song, C. “Novel CeO2-supported Ni-Rh Bimetallic catalysts for reforming of Bio-ethanol to produce hydrogen for fuel cells”, Preprints of Symposia – American Chemical Society, Division of Fuel Chemistry, 2003, In press.

4. Bickford, E.S.; Velu, S.; Song, C. “ Ceria-Supported Cu-Pd Bimetallic Catalysts for Oxygen-Assisted Water-Gas-Shift Reaction for Proton-Exchange Membrane Fuel Cells”, Preprints of Symposia – American Chemical Society, Division of Fuel Chemistry, 2003, In press.

5. Gu, W.; Shen, J.-P.; Song, C. “Hydrogen production from methanol reforming over Cu-ZnO/Al2O3 and Pt/Al2O3 Catalysts for fuel cell application”, Preprints of Symposia – American Chemical Society, Division of Fuel Chemistry, 2003, In press.

Grants and Industrial Partners:

   - U.S. Department of Energy & Conoco-Phillips
   - Nippon Shokubai, Japan

Additional researchers working on this project
Mrs. Weidong, Gu
Mr. Junichiro Kuga

 
Ms.Elise S. Bickford
Dr.S.Velu

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