VIRUS: Togavirus

Togaviruses cause the common children's disease rubella, or German measles. It is a mild disease and up to 80% of adults have life-long immunity.

PATHOGENICITY
Type Communicable
Disease Symptom rubella, German measles
Point of Infection Upper Respiratory Tract
Incubation Period 14-21 days
Duration of Illness 28 days
Peak Infectiousness 10-14 days
LD50 / ID50  
EPIDEMIOLOGY
Secondary Infection Rate
Annual Cases (US) 3000
Annual Fatalities None
PHYSICAL CHARACTERISTICS
Type single-stranded RNA+
Size (microns) 0.05-0.075 microns dia.
Geometry Enveloped Icosahedral
Spores None
Spore Size None
Optimum Growth Temperature
Survival Temperature Range
Relative Humidity Range
CONTROL MEASURES
Filterability Low
UVGI Sensitivity  
Thermal Sensitivity  
Dehumidification Sensitivity  
Oxygenation Sensitivity  
Effective Biocides  

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