Research - Perchlorate and Chlorate


Perchlorate and Chlorate Research
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Steinberg, L., J. Trimble, and B.E. Logan. 2005. Enzymes responsible for chlorate reduction by Pseudomonas sp. are different from those used for perchlorate reduction by Azospira sp. FEMS Microb. Lett. 247:153-159.

Zhang, H, B.E. Logan, J.M. Regan, L.A. Achenbach, and M.A. Bruns. 2005. Molecular assessment of inoculated and indigenous bacteria in biofilms from a pilot-scale perchlorate-reducing bioreactor. Microb. Ecol. 49(3):388-398.


Xu, J., Trimble, J.J., Steinberg, L. and Logan, B.E. 2004. Chlorate and nitrate reduction pathways are separately induced in the perchlorate-respiring bacterium Dechlorosoma sp. KJ and the chlorate-respiring bacterium Pseudomonas sp. PDA. Wat Res., 38(3):673-680.

Song, Y. and B.E. Logan. 2004. Effect of O2 exposure on perchlorate reduction by Dechlorosoma sp. KJ. Wat. Res., 38(6):1626-1632.

Min, B., P.J. Evans, A. Chu, and B.E. Logan. 2004. Perchlorate removal in sand and plastic media bioreactors. Wat. Res., 38(1):47-60.

Song, Y. and B.E. Logan. 2004. Inhibition of aerobic respiration and dissimilatory perchlorate reduction using cyanide. FEMS Microbiol. Lett. 239:229-234.


Xu, J., Y. Song, B. Min, L. Steinberg, and B.E. Logan. 2003. Microbial degradation of perchlorate: principles and applications. Environ. Engin. Sci, 20(5): 405-422.

Xu, J. and B.E. Logan. 2003. Measurement of chlorite dismutase activities in perchlorate respiring bacteria. J. Micro. Methods 54:239-247.


Logan, B.E. and D. LaPoint. 2002. Treatment of perchlorate-contaminated groundwater in an autotrophic, gas phase, packed bed bioreactor. Wat. Res. 36(14):3647-3653.

Zhang H., M.A. Bruns, and B.E. Logan. 2002. Perchlorate reduction by a novel chemolithoautotrophic hydrogen-oxidizing bacterium. Environ. Microbiol., 4(10):570-576.

Logan, B.E. and J. Wu. 2002. Enhanced toluene degradation under chlorate-reducing conditions by bioaugmentation of sand columns with chlorate- and toluene-degrading enrichments. Bioremed. J., 6(2):87-95.


Logan, B.E. 2001. Assessing the outlook for perchlorate remediation. Environ. Sci. Technol. 35(23): 482A-487A. [Color, 13 mB]

Logan, B.E., J. Wu and R.F. Unz. 2001. Biological perchlorate reduction in high salinity solutions. Wat. Res. 35(12):3034-3038

Logan, B.E., H. Zhang, P. Mulvaney, M.G. Milner, I.M. Head, and R.F. Unz. 2001. Kinetics of perchlorate- and chlorate- respiring bacteria. Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 67(6): 2499-2506

Wu, J., R. Unz, H. Zhang and B.E. Logan. 2001. Persistence of perchlorate and the relative numbers of perchlorate- and chlorate-respiring microorganisms in natural waters, soils and wastewater. Bioremed. J. 5(2):119-130

Logan, B.E. 2001. Analysis of overall perchlorate removal rates in packed-bed reactors. J. Environ. Engng. 127(5):469-471


Miller, J.P. and B.E. Logan. 2000. Sustained perchlorate degradation in a gas phase hydrogen-oxidizing packed bed bioreactor. Environ. Sci. Technol. 34(14):3018-3022.

Kim, K. and B.E. Logan. 2000. Fixed-bed bioreactor treating perchlorate-contaminated waters. Environ. Engin. & Sci. 17(5):257-265.


Logan, B.E. 1998. A review of chlorate and perchlorate respiring microorganisms. Bioremediation J. 2(2):69-79.

Logan, B.E., A.R. Bliven, S.R. Olsen, and R. Patnaik. 1998. Growth Kinetics of Mixed Cultures under Chlorate-Reducing Conditions. J. Env. Engrg., 124(10):1008-1011.

Chapters in Books


Evans, P., A. Chu, S. Liao, S. Price. B. Min and B.E. Logan. 2002. Pilot testing of bioreactor for perchlorate-contaminated groundwater treatment. In: Remediation of of Chlorinated and Recalcitrant Compounds, A.R. Gavaskar and A.S.C. Chen. Battell Press. (ISBN 1-57477). Published on CD-ROM, 5 pages


Logan, B.E., K. Kim and S. Price. 2001. Perchlorate degradation in bench- and pilot-scale ex-situ bioreactors. In: Bioremediation of Inorganic Compounds, A. Leeson, B. M. Peyton, J.L. Means, and V.S. Magar, eds. Battelle Press, Columbus, OH. 6(9):303-308.


Logan, B.E., H. Zhang, J. Wu, R. Unz and S.S. Koenigsberg. 2000. The potential for in situ perchlorate degradation.In: Accelerated bioremediation of chlorinated compounds in groundwater. S.S. Koenigsberg and C.H. Ward, eds.Regenesis, San Juan Capistrano, CA. pp. 85-90.

Logan, B.E. 2000. Evaluation of biological reactors to degrade perchlorate to levels suitable for drinking water. In Perchlorate in the Environment, E.T. Urbansky Ed. Plenum, 189-197.

Logan, B.E., H. Zhang, J. Wu, R. Unz and S.S. Koenigsberg. 2000. The potential for in situ perchlorate degradation.In: Case studies in the remediation of chlorinated and recalcitrant compounds.G.B. Wickramanayake, A.R. Gavaskar, J.T. Gibbs and J.L. Means, eds.Battelle Press, Columbus, OH. pp. 87-92.


Logan, B.E., K. Kim, P. Mulvaney, J. Miller, and R. Unz. 1999. Biological treatment of perchlorate contaminated waters. In: Bioremediation of Metals and Inorganic Compounds. A. Leeson and B.C. Alleman, Eds.Proc. Fifth International Symposium of In-situ and On-site Bioremediation, April 19-22, San Diego, CA. 5(4):147-151.

Bruce E. Logan |  Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering | 231Q Sackett Building
Phone: 814-863-7908 | Fax: 814-863-7304 
The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA 16802