Photo of Caitlin Grady

Caitlin Grady

Assistant Professor


  • Civil and Environmental Engineering
  • Law, Policy, and Engineering

226C Sackett Building


Personal or Departmental Website

Research Areas:

LPE Academic Working Group; Water Resources Engineering

Interest Areas:

Water resources sustainability, water-food-energy nexus, water security, international development




  • BA, Humanities, Science, and the Environment, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, 2010
  • M.Eng, Agricultural and Biological Engineering, Purdue University, 2011
  • Ph D, Civil and Environmental Engineering, Purdue University, 2015



  • T Younos and Caitlin Grady, 2014, Potable water: emerging global problems and solutions, Springer International Publishing
  • T Younos and Caitlin Grady, 2013, Climate change and water resources, Springer International Publishing

Journal Articles

  • Autumn Deitrick, Sarah Torhan and Caitlin Grady, 2021, "Investigating the Influence of Ethical and Epistemic Values on Decisions in the Watershed Modeling Process", Water Resources Research, 57, (12)
  • Lea Berrang-Ford, A. R. Siders, Alexandra Lesnikowski, Alexandra Paige Fischer, Max W. Callaghan, Neal R. Haddaway, Katharine J. Mach, Malcolm Araos, Mohammad Aminur Shah, Mia Wannewitz, Deepal Doshi, Timo Leiter, Custodio Matavel, Justice Issah Musah-Surugu, Gabrielle Wong-Parodi, Philip Antwi-Agyei, Idowu Ajibade, Neha Chauhan, William Kakenmaster, Caitlin Grady, Vasiliki I. Chalastani, Kripa Jagannathan, Eranga K. Galappaththi, Asha Sitati, Giulia Scarpa, Edmond Totin, Katy Davis, Nikita Charles Hamilton, Christine J. Kirchhoff, Praveen Kumar, Brian Pentz, Nicholas P. Simpson, Emily Theokritoff, Delphine Deryng, Diana Reckien, Carol Zavaleta-Cortijo, Nicola Ulibarri, Alcade C. Segnon, Vhalinavho Khavhagali, Yuanyuan Shang, Luckson Zvobgo, Zinta Zommers, Jiren Xu, Portia Adade Williams, Ivan Villaverde Canosa, Nicole van Maanen, Bianca van Bavel, Maarten van Aalst, Lynée L. Turek-Hankins, Hasti Trivedi, Christopher H. Trisos, Adelle Thomas, Shinny Thakur, Sienna Templeman, Lindsay C. Stringer, Garry Sotnik, Kathryn Dana Sjostrom, Chandni Singh, Mariella Z. Siña, Roopam Shukla, Jordi Sardans, Eunice A. Salubi, Lolita Shaila Safaee Chalkasra, Raquel Ruiz-Díaz, Carys Richards, Pratik Pokharel, Jan Petzold, Josep Penuelas, Julia Pelaez Avila, Julia B. Murillo, Souha Ouni, Jennifer Niemann, Miriam Nielsen, Mark New, Patricia Nayna Schwerdtle, Gabriela Nagle Alverio, Cristina A. Mullin, Joshua Mullenite, Anuszka Mosurska, Mike D. Morecroft, Jan C. Minx, Gina Maskell, Abraham Marshall Nunbogu, Alexandre K. Magnan, Shuaib Lwasa, Megan Lukas-Sithole, Tabea Lissner, Oliver Lilford, Steven F. Koller, Matthew Jurjonas, Elphin Tom Joe, Lam T. Huynh, Avery Hill, Rebecca R. Hernandez, Greeshma Hegde, Tom Hawxwell, Sherilee Harper, Alexandra Harden, Marjolijn Haasnoot, Elisabeth A. Gilmore, Leah Gichuki, Alyssa Gatt, Matthias Garschagen, James D. Ford, Andrew Forbes, Aidan D. Farrell, Carolyn A. Enquist, Susan Elliott, Emily Duncan, Erin Coughlan de Perez, Shaugn Coggins, Tara Chen, Donovan Campbell, Katherine E. Browne, Kathryn J. Bowen, Robbert Biesbroek, Indra D. Bhatt, Rachel Bezner Kerr, Stephanie L. Barr, Emily Baker, Stephanie E. Austin, Ingrid Arotoma-Rojas, Christa Anderson, Warda Ajaz, Tanvi Agrawal and Thelma Zulfawu Abu, 2021, "A systematic global stocktake of evidence on human adaptation to climate change", Nature Climate Change, 11, (11), pp. 989-1000
  • Malcolm Araos, Kripa Jagannathan, Roopam Shukla, Idowu Ajibade, Erin Coughlan de Perez, Katy Davis, James D. Ford, Eranga K. Galappaththi, Caitlin Grady, A.J. Hudson, Elphin Tom Joe, Christine J. Kirchhoff, Alexandra Lesnikowski, Gabriela Nagle Alverio, Miriam Nielsen, Ben Orlove, Brian Pentz, Diana Reckien, A.R. Siders, Nicola Ulibarri, Maarten van Aalst, Thelma Zulfawu Abu, Tanvi Agrawal, Lea Berrang-Ford, Rachel Bezner Kerr, Shaugn Coggins, Matthias Garschagen, Alexandra Harden, Katharine J. Mach, Abraham Marshall Nunbogu, Pandey Spandan, Sienna Templeman and Lynée L. Turek-Hankins, 2021, "Equity in human adaptation-related responses: A systematic global review", One Earth, 4, (10), pp. 1454-1467
  • Adelle Thomas, Emily Theokritoff, Alexandra Lesnikowski, Diana Reckien, Kripa Jagannathan, Roger Cremades, Donovan Campbell, Elphin Tom Joe, Asha Sitati, Chandni Singh, Alcade C. Segnon, Brian Pentz, Justice Issah Musah-Surugu, Cristina A. Mullin, Katharine J. Mach, Leah Gichuki, Eranga Galappaththi, Vasiliki I. Chalastani, Idowu Ajibade, Raquel Ruiz-Diaz, Caitlin Grady, Matthias Garschagen, James Ford and Kathryn Bowen, 2021, "Global evidence of constraints and limits to human adaptation", Regional Environmental Change, 21, (3)
  • Ryan S. Calder, Caitlin Grady, Marc Jeuland, Christine J. Kirchhoff, Rebecca L. Hale and Rebecca L. Muenich, 2021, "COVID-19 Reveals Vulnerabilities of the Food–Energy–Water Nexus to Viral Pandemics", Environmental Science & Technology Letters, 8, (8), pp. 606-615
  • Lauren Trepanier, Josephine Orare, John Nyagwencha and Caitlin Grady, 2021, "How are we actually doing? Comparing water and sanitation in Kenya with MDG and SDG criteria", Journal of Water, Sanitation and Hygiene for Development, 11, (4), pp. 638-656
  • Lauren Dennis, Sarah Michele Rajtmajer and Caitlin Grady, 2021, "A Social Vulnerability Analysis of Risk Due to Cyber–Physical Threats to Pennsylvania Dams", IEEE Transactions on Technology and Society, 2, (2), pp. 108-109
  • Tasnuva Mahjabin, Alfonso Mejia and Caitlin Grady, 2021, "Virtual nitrogen and virtual water transfers embedded in food trade networks across the US", Environmental Research Letters, 16, (4), pp. 045015
  • Caitlin Grady, Sarah Michele Rajtmajer and Lauren Dennis, 2021, "When Smart Systems Fail: The Ethics of Cyber–Physical Critical Infrastructure Risk", IEEE Transactions on Technology and Society, 2, (1), pp. 6-14
  • Elizabeth Ransom, Caitlin Grady, Lauren Trepanier and Carmen Bain, 2021, "Situated Ethics in Development: STS Insights for a Pragmatic Approach to Development Policy and Practice", Science, Technology, & Human Values, pp. 016224392110526
  • Michael Gomez, Susana Garcia, Sarah Michele Rajtmajer, Caitlin Grady and Alfonso Mejia, 2020, "Fragility of a multilayer network of intranational supply chains", Applied Network Science, 5, (1)
  • Anna Lintern, Lauren McPhillips, Brandon Winfrey, Jonathan M Duncan and Caitlin Grady, 2020, "Best Management Practices for Diffuse Nutrient Pollution: Wicked Problems Across Urban and Agricultural Watersheds", Environmental Science & Technology, 54, (15), pp. 9159-9174
  • Tasnuva Mahjabin, Alfonso Mejia, Seth A Blumsack and Caitlin Grady, 2020, "Integrating embedded resources and network analysis to understand food-energy-water nexus in the US", Science of The Total Environment
  • Paniz Mohammadpour, Tasnuva Mahjabin, Jose Fernandez and Caitlin Grady, 2019, "From national indices to regional action—An Analysis of food, energy, water security in Ecuador, Bolivia, and Peru", Environmental Science & Policy, 101, pp. 291-301
  • Caitlin Grady, Seth Blumsack, Alfonso Mejia and Catherine A Peters, 2019, "The Food–Energy–Water Nexus: Security, Sustainability, and Systems Perspectives", Environmental Engineering Science, 36, (7)
  • Caitlin Grady, Kein Van Nguyen, Thai Van Nguyen and Ernest R Blatchley, 2018, "Who is being left behind? An analysis of WASH access in the Vietnamese Mekong Delta", Journal of Water, Sanitation and Hygiene for Development, 8, (3), pp. 508-519
  • Tasnuva Mahjabin, Susana Garcia, Caitlin Grady and Alfonso Mejia, 2018, "Large cities get more for less: Water footprint efficiency across the US", PLOS ONE, 13, (8), pp. e0202301
  • Caitlin Grady, Emmanuel C Kipkorir, Kien Nguyen and E R Blatchley, 2015, "Microbial quality of improved drinking water sources: evidence from western Kenya and southern Vietnam", Journal of Water and Health, 13, (2), pp. 607 LP – 612
  • Caitlin Grady, Xiaozheng He and Srinivas Peeta, 2015, "Integrating social network analysis with analytic network process for international development project selection", Expert Systems with Applications, 42, (12), pp. 5128–5138
  • Caitlin Grady, Adam P Reimer, Jane Frankenberger and Linda Stalker Prokopy, 2013, "Locating existing best management practices within a watershed: The value of multiple methods", Journal of the American Water Resources Association, 49, (4), pp. 883–895
  • Caitlin Grady and Tamim Younos, 2012, "Bottled water technology and its global ramifications: An overview", International Water Technology Journal, 2, (2), pp. 185-195
  • JAson K Hawes, Rebecca Johnson, Lindsey Payne, Christian Ley, Caitlin Grady, Jennifer Domenech, Carly Evich, Andrew Kanach, Allison Koeppen, Kirsten Roe, Audrey Caprio, Jessica Puente Castro, Paige LeMaster and Ernest Blatchley, , "Global Service-Learning: A Systematic Review of Principles and Practices", International Journal of Research on Service-Learning & Community Engagement, 9, (1)

Conference Proceedings

  • Susana Garcia, Sarah Michele Rajtmajer, Caitlin Grady, Paniz Mohammadpour and Alfonso Mejia, 2020, "Performance of a Multi-layer Commodity Flow Network in the United States Under Disturbance", Springer International Publishing, pp. 645-655
  • Jessica Menold, Catherine Berdanier, Sarah Ritter, Meg Handley, Caitlin Grady, Margaret Byron, Elizabeth Starkey, Scarlett Rae Miller and Matthew B Parkinson, 2019, "BUILDing a community of female makers through hands-on experiences in a university MakerSpace", IEEE


  • Samuel Bockenhauer, Fletcher Fields, Zachary Clement, Alice Chao, Robert Schmitt, Caitlin Grady and David Schoeberlein, 2017, "Energy-Water Nexus", 4, pp. 1-93

Research Projects

Honors and Awards

  • Lawrence J. Perez Memorial Student Advocate Award, Penn State College of Engineering, 2021
  • Faculty Appreciation Award, Penn State School of International Affairs, April 2018
  • National Science Foundation Graduate Research Fellow, National Science Foundation, June 2012 - December 2014
  • Across Borders Fellow - Early Career Award, U.S. Department of State, Dickinson University, July 2011


Service to Penn State:

  • Committee Work, Co-Chairperson, Water Consortium Committee on Graduate Education, January 2019 - January 2020
  • Committee Work, Co-Chairperson, College of Engineering Law, Policy, and Engineering Working Group, November 2018
  • Assistance to Student Organizations, Faculty Advisor, Lockheed Martin Engineering Ethics Case Competition, September 2017 - May 2019

Service to External Organizations:

  • Service to Citizen and/or Client Groups, Other, Author, Pennsylvania Infrastructure Report Card, American Society of Civil Engineers - Pennsylvania Chapter, July 2021
  • Participation in or Service to Professional and Learned Societies, Chairperson, Penn State Delegate, The Consortium of Universities for the Advancement of Hydrologic Science, Inc., March 2021
  • Participation in or Service to Professional and Learned Societies, Mentor, Científico Latino Graduate School Mentorship Initiative, Científico Latino, August 2020
  • Participation in or Service to Professional and Learned Societies, Committee Member, American Geophysical Union, July 2020
  • Participation in or Service to Professional and Learned Societies, Committee Member, Association of Environmental Engineering & Science Professors, April 2019
  • Participation in or Service to Professional and Learned Societies, Other, Penn State Delegate, Universities Council on Water Resources, August 2019
  • Service to Citizen and/or Client Groups, Other, Mediator, The Pennsylvania Agricultural Mediation Program, August 2019
  • Participation in or Service to Professional and Learned Societies, Faculty Mentor, American Geophysical Union - Mentoring 365, August 2018 - August 2020
  • Participation in Community Affairs, Faculty Mentor, First LEGO League, September 2017 - November 2017
  • Organizing Conferences and Service on Conference Committees, Judge, American Geophysical Union Fall Meeting Outstanding Student Paper Awards, December 2017
  • Organizing Conferences and Service on Conference Committees, Judge, American Geophysical Union Fall Meeting Outstanding Student Paper Awards, December 2018
  • Service to Governmental Agencies, Panelist, National Science Foundation, 2019
  • Participation in or Service to Professional and Learned Societies, Reviewer, Society for Advancement of Chicanos and Native Americans in Science, May 2020
  • Service to Governmental Agencies, Reviewer, National Science Foundation, 2020
  • Participation in or Service to Professional and Learned Societies, Reviewer, Society for Advancement of Chicanos and Native Americans in Science, May 2019