One-Minute Essays
Gunpowder Mills

Graphical cross-section showing how one central undershot waterwheel powered two sets of runners in small houses on either side of the water race.

A more graphical representation of the central waterwheel driving two sets of runner.

A modern sketch of the runners, giving a sense of their size.

Photo of remains of the waterwheels. the iron frame and gears are all that remain, the wood having long ago rotted away.

A wonderful working model of the Faversham Mills as it would have appeared when it was operating.

The model shows the large overhead drive great that takes power from the waterwheel...

... and transfers it to this central shaft.

The two large runner stones reinstalled in the grinding stone (a tub to hold the powder in the mill is not present).

A photo of the remains of the mills before restoration. The buildings are completely gone, leaving only the waterwheel frame in the distance and the bedstone in the foreground.

An isometric drawing that shows how the works fit inside the building.

The central driving post of the runner stones

Notice that the driving gears are all of wood on iron to avoid sparks - there are no metal-to-metal gears

Examples of the wooden teeth