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  The Capstone Project Electronic Portfolio (CPEP) is a web‐based project and information center. It contains material produced for a year‐long Senior Thesis class. Its purpose, in addition to providing central storage of individual assignments, is to foster communication and collaboration between student, faculty consultant, course instructors, and industry consultants. This website is dedicated to the research and analysis conducted via guidelines provided by the Department of Architectural Engineering. For an explanation of this capstone design course and its requirements click here.




Building:                           New Jersey Center for Science, Technology, and
Mathematics Education

Location and Site:                 Union, NJ on Kean University Campus

Building Occupant:               Kean University


B: Business
Labs, Offices, Lounges, Meeting Rms. w/ less than 50 people

A-3: Assembly
Lounges or Meeting Rooms > 50 people

A-2: Assembly
Restaurant Space for future tenant

A-1: Assembly:

S-1: Storage:
Moderate Hazard Storage

S-2: Storage:
Non Combustible Storage

F-2 Industrial:
Mechanical and Electric Rooms

Size:                                        Approximately 117,000 SF

Stories Above Grade:            6 stories all above grade

Project Team:
Architect/MEP:          Cannon Design, Inc.
360 Madison Avenue, New York, NY 10017
Phone: (212) 972-9800
Fax:     (212)  972-9191


Structural Engineer: Schoor Depalma Engineers and Consultants
200 State Highway 9, Manalapan, NJ 07726
Phone: 732-577-9000
Fax:     732-577-9888

Civil Engineer:          K.S. Engineers, P.C.
24 Commerce St., 15th Floor, Newark, NJ 07102
Phone: (973) 623-2999
Fax:     (973) 242-2995

CM:                University is providing construction management services

GC:     Terminal Construction Corporation
215 State Highway 17 So.
Wood-Ridge, NJ 07075
Phone: (201) 939-9150
Fax:     (201) 939-4745

Construction Dates:              Construction breaks ground in September 2008

Cost:                    Overall project bid:     $45,200,000

Project Delivery Method:     Design-Bid-Build

Architecture:      This is a mixed use facility with the anchor program being educational labs and their associated classrooms.  There is a 300 seat auditorium, supercomputer, 3D cave, and a generous amount of public space in the two story lobby at the base.  A private event space occupies the entire 6th floor.  A two story restaurant is connected to the building at the first floor lobby.  Cannon designed the core and shell of it, but the future tenant will most likely be constructing the rest at the same time.  Some sort of chain restaurant will occupy it.

           There is glass curtain wall, solar shading with fins, and full height glass curtain wall.  The lobby is recessed back from upper levels with columns for shading in summer.  The building will feature a large atrium and exposed structural steel trusses, which support a continuous sloped skylight.

Codes:                                    IBC 2006, NEC 2006

Zoning:                                   Institutional

Historical Requirements:      N/A

Building Envelope:                The façade is made up of extruded aluminum  unitized curtain wall and anodized with solar shades.  There are three different    types of ribbon glass running along its length.  There is composite aluminum panel anodized with 2” rigid insulation and 5 ½“ batt insulation for parts of the first floor walls.  There is corrugated aluminum panel anodized with 2” rigid insulation and 3 ½ “ batt insulation.  The auditorium walls are composed of 4” face brick in a stack bond with 2” semi rigid insulation and 8” CMU backup wall.  There are also extruded aluminum louvers at parts with 1” insulated blank off panel where required.

Roof Construction:               The roof is composed of composite metal deck with concrete topping and 2” of rigid insulation.




Fire Protection
The NJCFSTME building is designed with a preaction fire alarm system.  The preaction system decreases the chances of accidental openings of the sprinkler heads.  The building has a lot of computer and lab equipment, which would be very expensive to replace.    This entire building is equipped with upright style sprinkler heads.  The fire pump has a 75 hp motor rated at 1000 gpm.  The jockey pump has a 4 hp motor rated at 30 gpm.  There is a fire pump room on the first floor that houses the two pumps and other components of the fire protection system.  The diesel generator powers some luminaires and the exit signs throughout the building during emergency power loss.  There are speaker strobes in every hallway and large spaces such as the lower lobby.  There are strobes in every other room.  Every strobe device is rated at 75 candela luminous intensity.  The fire command center is located on the second floor.  Spray on fire proofing is also used where required by code for the structural steel members.  The construction type is IB, Protected Noncombustible Construction.  This type requires a two hour fire rating for floors, interior bearing walls and other structural elements such as columns, shafts, and emergency exit stair enclosures.  Only the roof and some nonbearing exterior walls require 1 hour fire rating.    

The structural system of this building predominantly consists of steel.  The typical bay sizes for the 2nd through 6th floor.  The slab on grade is 5” thick and is reinforced with 6x6 – W2.0xW2.0 welded wire fabric.  The building has a system of spread footings that range from 4’x4’ to 15’x15’.  The largest footings are underneath the lobby and exhibition space because this is where the building rises the highest.  The second through sixth floors have a typical floor system.  These floors have 20 gauge composite galvanized metal floor deck that is 3” deep.  This deck is covered with 3 ¼” lightweight concrete topping.  The typical bay size is 21’ x 37’8”, and most of these beams are cambered 1 ¼”.  The lateral system consists of hollow structural steel braced frames and Chevron frames.  The auditorium roof is 1 ½” galvanized metal deck supported by long span 36LH10 joists.  Part of the main roof is also composed of 1 ½” galvanized metal deck, but it is supported by beams and not joists.  The majority of the roof system is 3 ½” normal weight concrete over 2” composite metal galvanized deck.   

Public Service Electric and Gas Company (PSE&G) provides electrical service for this NJCSTME building from a utility pole on Kean Drive.  The primary service runs underground in a duct bank to the outdoor pad mounted primary switch gear and PSE&G meter.  The primary is at 13.2 KV and is stepped down at a 3333 KVA transformer to a 480Y/277V system. 
The main transformer is owned by Kean University.  On the 1st floor this transformer feeds distribution panel boards on the first and second floors, from which branch panels are fed.  The normal power branch is distributed by a 1200A bus duct and 480Y/277V system from the 3rd through 6th floor.  There are transformers for each floor which step down the voltage to 208Y/120V, and the secondary leads to a distribution panel.  These distribution panels provide power to the multiple laboratory panels on each floor. 
For emergency there is a packaged diesel generator set with weatherproof and sound attenuating enclosure and sub-base day tank.  It is rated at 500 kW and at 0.8 power factor.  There is an emergency, standby, and optional standby branch.  These branches are in separate electrical rooms from the normal on each floor. 
There are four automatic transfer switches in the Emergency Electrical Room.  One is for the emergency lighting panels which are on a 480Y/277V system.  The second ATS is for the standby branch, which provides backup power for HVAC dampers and lab fume hoods.  The third ATS is also for a distribution panel, which serves the three elevator motors on the roof.  Finally the fourth ATS serves the optional branch bus duct, which distributes backup power to miscellaneous lab equipment.

The contract for this building is a design-bid-build.  The overall project bid cost is $45,000,000.  The contract is a guaranteed maximum price type.  The project broke ground in September 2008.  The general contractor is Terminal Construction Company, who has performed construction services for the university in the past.  They are based out of North Jersey and perform work in that area as well as New York City area.   


The telecommunications are tied in from the existing building Vaughn-Eames Hall.  There is an existing duct bank outside the south wall of this hall.  It runs from there to the intersection of Morris Avenue and Kean Drive.  This is the point where the new duct bank is connected.  The new duct bank runs to a manhole near the generator.  The duct bank terminates at Server Room 1-35.  The data wires are distributed throughout the building by 18” and 12” wide wire mesh metal cable tray. 

There are 6 air handling units serving this building (AHU-1 through 6).  AHU-7 will serve the future tenant in the restaurant space.  There is a 300 ton closed cell cooling tower.  The system designed is a four pipe system.  The four pipe system does not have to be changed to heating or cooling for when the seasons change.  Also some rooms can be heated while others can be cooled.  The third floor classrooms and labs have radiant floor heating and one classroom on the fourth floor.  A variable air volume system is utilized throughout the building.     

Special Systems
There is a geothermal system designed for this building.  It has 131 borehole wells dug 500 feet down and spacing 20 feet apart.  The geothermal system has two water to water heat pumps.  They both have capacities of 135 gpm.  The geothermal system transfers heat to the three boilers by a heat exchanger.     

There are 3 elevators for transportation services in the NJCSTME Building.  The elevators are powered by (3) 40 hp motors. The elevator machine room is on the roof and contains these motors.  The elevators themselves are located in the circular core walls near the middle of the building.  The interior is comprised of mostly stainless steel.  It is illuminated by fluorescent recessed fixtures.  There are two stairwells that exit to the outdoors.  One is on the west side of the building adjacent to the lobby, and the other is the east side at the back of the auditorium.  There is also a central staircase inside the circular core walls.   

Lighting Systems

            The lighting for this building is mostly fluorescent in order to meet ASHRAE Std. 90.1 requirements.  This owner desires a LEED® Gold rated building, and this standard is cited for its power per area maximum values.  Many spaces have two different fixtures with two different CCT’s.  The different CCT of the lamps provides flexibility for different functions.  For instance, in the lobby there are linear fixtures with a 3500K CCT for the daytime general lobby function.  However at night this lobby has functions where the cool CCT is not suitable.  This is where the halogen track lighting is useful.  There are low voltage control panels on every floor’s electrical room.  Many fixtures are equipped with dimming ballast for flexibility.







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User Note:

While great efforts have been taken to provide accurate and complete information on the pages of CPEP, please be aware that the information contained herewith is considered a work‐in‐progress for this thesis project. Modifications and changes related to the original building designs and construction methodologies for this senior thesis project are solely the interpretation of John P. Mulhern. Changes and discrepancies in no way imply that the original design contained errors or was flawed. Differing assumptions, code references, requirements, and methodologies have been incorporated into this thesis project; therefore, investigation results may vary from the original design.

This page was last updated on 4.20.2009, by John P. Mulhern and is hosted by the AE Department ©2009