T h e   N e w   Y o r k   T i m e s   B u i l d i n g
620 Eighth Ave.  Between West 40th and 41st Streets
Times Square, Midtown Manhattan, New York City



Building Statistics

The New York Times Building

620 Eighth Ave.  Between West 40th and 41st Streets
Times Square, Midtown Manhattan, New York City

Building Owners
The New York Times Company ; (58% Owner) ; Floors 2-27 ; ~800,000ft2
Forest City Ratner Companies (Developer) ; (42% Owner) ; Floors 29-50,52 ; ~700,000ft2

-Floors 1, 28, 51 jointly owned by NYTC & FCRC ; (28 & 51 are Mechanical)

Building Occupants

Barclays Center Sales Center
Clearbridge Advisors
Covington & Burling
Dean & Deluca
Forest City Ratner Companies
Goodwin Procter
Legg Mason
Markit Group
The New York Times
Osler Hoskin & Harcourt
Seyfarth Shaw
SJP Properties
Westtern Asset Management

Renzo Piano Building Workshop
In Association with FXFOWLE Architects

Interiors Architect
-New York Times Company + Advisor to Forest City Ratner Companies

Structural Engineer
Thornton Tomasetti

Mechanical, Electrical, Plumbing Engineer
Flack & Kurtz

Construction Manager
AMEC Construction Management, Inc.
-Core & Shell
Turner Construction
-New York Times Interiors

Core & Shell

Acoustical Consultant
Cerami & Associates
Ceramic Testing
Wiss Janney Elstner Associates, Inc.
Civil Engineer / Transit Authority
Vollmer Associates
JAM Consultants
Commissioning Agent

Horizon Engineering Associates
Controlled Inspection Agent
Ava Shypula Associates
Development Advisor
The Clarett Group
(The New York Times Company)
Environmental Engineer
Roux Associates
Exterior Maintenance
Entek Engineering LLP
Exterior Wall
Heitman and Associates
Forst Consulting

Geotechnical Engineer
Mueser Rutledge Consulting Engineers
Graphic Design

Landscape Architects
H. M. White Site Architects
Cornelia H. Oberlander
Kelco Construction
Office for Visual Interaction
Painting & Coatings Consultant

Lovett Silverman Associates, Inc.
Kroll Schiff & Associates
Lovell & Belcher
Vertical Transportation
Jenkins and Huntington
Joseph Neto and Associates
Wind Engineer
Rowan Williams Davies & Irwin, Inc.
Wireless Transmission
Heinz Corp.
Wood Science
Stephen Smulski, Ph.D.
Wood Science Specialists, Inc.

The New York Times Interiors

Cerami & Associates
Vick Corporate Art Advisors
Walsh Lowe, LLC
Commissioning Agent
Horizon Engineering Associates
Anyhere Software
Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory
Loisos + Ubbelohde
Furniture Manager
Ferguson Cox Associates
Graphic Design
Information Technology
Walsh Lowe, LLC
Susan Brady Lighting Design
Richard Hoffman & Associates
Project and Cost Managers
Gardener & Theobald
Restaurant Advisors
Post-Grossbard & Associates
For the Record
Solar Study
Elliot Technologies LLC


Jaffe Holden Acoustics, Inc.
Harvey Marshall Berling Associates
Fisher, Dachs & Associates
JAM Consultants
Commissioning Agent
Horizon Engineering Associates
Controlled Inspection Agent
Ava Shypula Associates
Graphic Design
Office for Visual Interaction
Elliot Technologies LLC

Construction Dates
August 23, 2004 – Excavation Begins
April 2005 – Steel Erection Begins
July 2006 – Topping Out Ceremony
October 2006 – Mast Erected
April 2007 – First NYT Employees Move In
June 22, 2007 – Final NYT Employees Move In
September 17, 2007 – TheTimesCenter Performance Space Opens
October 2007 – FCRC secures $640 Million Permanent Financing from HSH Nordbank
November 2007 – NYT Building Lobby and Garden Completed
November 19, 2007 – Grand Opening of the New York Times Building

52 Stories ; 746ft tall ; Curtain Wall ends at 819ft ; Mast tops out at 1046ft
~1,500,000 ft2 floor space

Approximately $1 Billion
Times portion – Between $604 to $624 Million
Forest City Ratner Companies portion – secured $640 Million in permanent financing from HSH Nordbank

Project Delivery Method

Occupancy Type
Class A office space
Ground floor retail space - Leased to MUJI, Dean & DeLuca Café and Inakaya

IBC 2003
Building Code of the City of New York
New York State Energy Conservation Code 1979
Uniform Building Code

The 79,000 ft2 parcel is part of 13-acre urban-renewal zone of the 42nd Street Development Project, run by the Empire State Development Corporation.  Developable air rights were predetermined.

The New York Times Building is a 52-story glass and steel structure designed to reinforce the values of the Times Company and its culture of transparency.  Located at 620 Eighth Ave. between 40th and 41st streets in Times Square, the building utilizes water-white windows from floor to ceiling, exposed steel columns, and accents of red and gold making it a fitting home for a 21st-century media company.  Architect Renzo Piano working with FXFOWLE Architects incorporate many themes into the architecture.  The themes included are volume, views, light, respect for context and relationship to the street to provide a design that is open and inviting.  This also presents occupants with a sense of the city around them.

The New York Times Building is co-owned by The New York Times Company and developer Forest City Ratner Companies.  It houses the New York Times Company on floors 2-27, and many private companies on floors 1, 29-50, and 52.  Floors 28 and 51 are co-owned mechanical spaces, and the first floor is co-owned retail space. 

Renzo Piano's vision was to not produce a "selfish building," where smaller windows or heavily coated glass were used to reduce heat from the sun. With this idea, Piano thought the views would not be comprimised for both pedestrians looking in and occupants looking out. The New York Times Building occupies a parcel previously known as “8 South” and architect Renzo Piano applied a spectacular double-skin curtain wall system with ceramic rods acting as a sun screen and an interior floor to ceiling water-white low iron glass envelope.  The idea of transparency and animated spaces was also applied to the first floor lobby, allowing visitors and pedestrians to see more than 350 feet into the space.

Renzo Piano was also guided by the idea that it is important to see how the structure is constructed and held up, in turn, revealing the structure.  Showing the steel beams, columns, rods and connections which are normally concealed, Renzo Piano felt exposure was very important.  The exposed structural members also serve as essential elements of the design by adding visual interest to the façade and a firm complement to the lightness of the ceramic rods. 

Another key design feature is the idea of the building looking lighter and more transparent as the skyscraper moves upward toward the sky. This gives the effect of the building disappearing into the sky. Renzo Piano accomplishes this by reducing structural member size as the building moves upward. Piano also increases the spacing of the ceramic tubes that act as the sun screen. The last effect is taking the ceramic tubes approximately 75 feet above the 52nd and final floor. This enhanced the effect of the building disappearing into the sky as well as hiding some mechanical equipment located on the roof.

The 4 story pedestal of the building contains retail space along with a cultural center and performance space.  There is also, most notably, an open air, 4-story tall birch garden containing seven 50 ft tall paper birch trees. 

Interiors Architect Gensler worked in collaboration with The New York Times Company, Renzo Piano Building Workshop and FXFOWLE to create a functional, aesthetic, sustainable and progressive interior environment that would be well integrated into the building design. By being included in design meetings and charettes with the architects, Gensler was able to optimize the interiors as well as the core and shell architecture. One main goal was having an open and flexible workspace. By consulting with the architects, Gensler was able to create a unique continuity of interior-exterior design, flowing seamlessly from the public spaces to the office floors.

Gensler worked with The New York Times Company as well to develop an interior design concept emphasizing connectivity, communication and flexibility. Gensler also incorporates the ideas of connectivity, modularity for flexibility and function, aesthetic transparency, and sustainability and technical innovation.

Building Envelope
A double-skin curtain wall was incorporated to reduce the amount of heat entering the building through the glazing.  Architect Renzo Piano envisioned the second skin of horizontal ceramic rods that act as a sunshade.  The ceramic rods block half of the sun’s energy.  This ceramic rod system is the first of its kind to ever be used.  By utilizing the ceramic rod shading system on all four sides of the building, the interior skin of the curtain wall is floor to ceiling ultra-clear glass that maximizes views and light for the occupants of the building and also allows pedestrians outside to see within the building.  The ceramic rods also enhance the design by reflecting light, which produces gentle color changes throughout the day.


Structural System
The structural system was especially challenging to design due to parts of the skeleton being exposed.  This exposure was an integral part of the architectural design, and created a need to design for thermal movements caused by a 750 temperature differential.  Thornton Tomasetti worked with Renzo Piano Building Workshop and FXFOWLE Architects to establish a hierarchy of exposed steel sizes.  The design of an efficient structure worked well with the architect’s vision of the building getting lighter as it approaches the sky.  The main box columns change thickness in five levels along the height of the building from 4 in. at the base to 2 in. at the top levels.    There are also integral varying size web plates designed by Thornton Tomasetti to meet strength and stiffness standards, but do not affect aesthetics.  An exposed lateral bracing system was also designed on the exterior of the building.  The X-bracing was designed with pre-tensioned, high-strength steel rods in a two-story-high system.  The rods also reduce in size from the base at 4 in. diameter to the top of the structure at 2.5 in. diameter to maintain a sense of proportion with the columns.  The rods were also designed in pairs, one set aligned horizontally and the other set aligned vertically, to eliminate a bulky connection at each node where the X-braces intersect. 

Typical column spacing is 30ft. X 40ft.  Average floor to floor Height is 13’-9”.  Floor loads were developed to be 50 PSF LL + 20 PSF for partitions. Average floorplate size is approximately 32,000 sq. ft. of rentable space. 

Mechanical System
The New York Times Building uses an under-floor VAV air distribution system in The New York Times Spaces combined with demand-controlled ventilation and carbon dioxide sensors to provide energy efficient air conditioning and heating and improving indoor air quality.  A 6,000-ton central plant includes 1,250-ton electric centrifugal chillers and one 250-ton absorption chiller.  The 1.4-megawatt co-generations plant on site features two clean-burning natural gas reciprocating engines operating in parallel.  Power is used to supply 40% of the power for the Times space.  The heat by-product generated by the co-generation plant is used to heat the Times space during the winter or colder months.  Heat recovered from the engines provides hot water for the absorption chiller in the summer and perimeter heating hot water in the winter.  Major heating is provided by high-pressure steam purchased from Consolidated Edison. Low-pressure steam is distributed to the steam coils of each AHU in the cellar and podium roof. Low-pressure steam is also used to produce hot water for the perimeter heating system and humidifiers on the floors occupied by The New York Times Company. The perimeter heating system consists of fan-powered boxed with heating coils at each floor.

Outdoor air-ventiliation for The New York Times Company floors is provided by central VA heating and cooling AHUs. These AHUs consist of a pre-filter medium efficiency filter, heating coil, humidifier, cooling coil, and fan section. Outdoor air is fully dehumidified centrally which minimizes maintenance and maximizes indoor air quality. This also allows floor-by-floor chilled water units to typically run with dry coils. Sensors monitor CO2 and VOC levels in the return air to positively control the amount of outside air delivered to each floor. Perimeter areas are zoned with VAV fan-powered boxes mounted in the raised floor plenuml. Swirl diffusers are used for air distribution as well as floor mounted linear bar grilles located near the window line. Larger spaces like conference rooms use a perforated floor and carpet instead of swirl diffusers for air distribution. Flack & Kurtz produced Mechanical, Electrical, Plumbing and Telecommunications design for the building, and includes 100% ventilation and exhaust to remove odors and fumes from night-time cleaning, and 85% efficient filtration and humidification system to maintain optimum indoor air quality.

The floors above the New York Times Spaces utilize an overhead VAV air distribution system with individual floor air handling units.  Design was based on a power density of 5 W/ft2 (demand) and occupancy of 1 person per 100 ft2.  Provisions were developed for tenant kitchen exhaust and tenant supplemental cooling capped outlets at each floor available on a 24-hour basis.  Direct Digital Control (DDC) Building Management System is used in the building above The New York Times Spaces.  The heating system incorporates perimeter hot water heating coils in fan powered VAV boxes with an outside air ventilation rate of 20cfm per occupant.  There is also a center chilled water distribution system. 

Electrical System
Day-lighting controls at the perimeter and occupancy sensors throughout the building control the space.  Over 18,000 individual Lutron dimming ballasts and dimming controls are located throughout the building to allow individual control for the lighting system. This allows lighting levels to be adjusted to meet the needs of different spaces operating at maximum efficiency with varying levels of light. Zumtobel light fixtures are used throughout the building as well as a Mechoshade automated window shade system. Financial assistance was given from the New York State Energy Research and Development Authority (NYSERDA) for the lighting and shading system as well as the on-site co-generation plant.

The floors developed by Forest City Ratner Companies above The New York Times spaces include provisions for tenant generators.   Two data closets per floor with dedicated risers for data and telecommunications and 2 electrical closets on each floor are also provided.  Emergency generators for life safety and critical building systems have been employed.  6 W/ft2 demand lighting and power was developed for the building.

Fire Protection System
A new coating technology developed by International Protective Coatings was used on the structure, being applied in-shop prior to erection or on-site following steel erection.  The new intumescent-coatings technology is derived from a formulation used in the oil, gas and petrochemical industries.  The New York Times Building also utilizes a standpipe system with automatic wet sprinkler system and valved outlets on each floor for core loop connection.  A base building Class E addressable fire alarm system along with ADA compliance is utilized on each floor.

An advanced elevator system utilizing 24 passenger and 8 service advance dispatch elevators for faster, more reliable service.  The newest generation of Fujitex’s gearless high speed “smart” elevators are more efficient and safe for passengers traveling up to 1,600 ft/sec.  Passengers input their destinations prior to boarding the elevators which allows the elevator dispatch system to reduce the number of intermediate stops and travel time.  There are also internal connecting stairs to reduce elevator use within the New York Times portion of the building.  Three primary entrances located on the ground floor allow employees and patrons to enter from 8th Avenue, and 40th and 41st Streets.

Sustainability Aspects
Open air birch and moss garden
The New York Times Building contains a very unique open-air birch-and-moss garden, which is the first of its kind in Manhattan.  Architect Renzo Piano envisioned the garden, which was realized by landscape architects HM White Site Architects in collaboration with Cornelia Hahn Oberlander.  The garden features a grove of seven 50 ft. tall paper birch trees and a wooden foot bridge.  The 70 ft. square garden is located on the ground floor of the building pedestal and is surrounded by glass walls allowing the garden to be the focal point of the surrounding lobby and ground floor retail spaces as well as the Times newsroom and the offices above.  The space is also the backdrop for TheTimesCenter cultural center and performance space.

Double-skin curtain wall
Included above in the “Building Envelope” Section

Lighting and shading
Included above in the “Building Envelope” Section

Co-Generation on-site
Included above in the “Mechanical System” Section.

Under-floor air distribution

A Siemens APOGEE™ BAS monitors, controls, and optimizes the HVAC systems and life safety systems. The BAS has a central control station with standalone distributed processing panels at various locations throughout the building. The BAS is capable of monitoring automatic logging status of all input/output points, condenser water and chilled water supply and reture temperatures, outside air drybulb and wetbulb temperatures, operating air and selected space temperatures, as well as airflow and temperatures for all VAV boxes. The system also provides the control functions of programmed optimized start/stop of all HVAC equipment, lead/lag controls of pumps, control point adjustment of supply air temperature, alarm monitoring and annunciation, and VAV box airflow and temperature adjustment.

Structural steel
Included above in the “Structural System” Section.

Intumescent Paint
The new coating technology contains 100% solids and zero VOC’s.

Interface perforated carpet was used in conference rooms for the underfloor air system. Armstrong ceiling tile which maximizes recycled material was used throughout the building. Carnegie Fabrics' Xorel was used for workstation panels. The fabric is manufactured with minimal chemicals, discourages bacterial and mold growth, and is designed for longevity and recycling. Other products, materials and systems include Knoll's Life Task chair, the Knoll Greenguard Filing System and fabrics from Knoll and Maharam.

Other Sustainable Aspects
Waterless urinals, walk-off mats at building entrances, retention of existing foundations, interior bike racks, and many other minor sustainable ideas included in The New York Times Building.



Birch and Moss Garden


Steel Knuckle Connection

Modern Steel Construction;Jan. 2009

Ceramic Rod Double-Skin Curtain Wall System


Floor Sections: FCRC Spaces ; NYT Spaces


Intumescent Paint Applied to Exterior Structure


Exsposed Structure

Modern Steel Construction;Jan. 2009

Movable Type Located in the Lobby


The New York Times Newsroom


Building Model

Renzo Piano Building Workshop & FXFOWLE

Retail Floor Plan


Stacking Diagram


Interior Stairs in New York Times Spaces