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Thesis Research


Aman. (2011, January 11). How to calculate the MACRS depreciation incentive for solar systems. In Sunmath Toolbox. Retrieved March 7, 2012, from

-This source was used to determine the MACRS depreciation for my photovoltaic solar panel system.

ANSI/ASHRAE. (2007). Standard 62.1-2007, Ventilation for Acceptable Indoor Air Quality. Atlanta, GA: American Society of Heating, Refrigerating, and Air-Condition Engineers, Inc.

-ASHRAE Std. 62.1 was used to find numbers and calculations as well as to check for acceptable levels.

ANSI/ASHRAE. (2007). Standard 90.1-2007, Energy Standard for Buildings Except Low-Rise Residential Buildings. Atlanta, GA: American Society of Heating, Refrigerating, and Air-Conditioning Engineers, Inc.

-ASHRAE Std. 90.1 was used to check efficiency values.

ASHRAE. Handbook of Fundamentals. Atlanta: ASHRAE, 2009.

-The coefficients for pressure drops through ducts were found here (as well as the process to calculate them).

Deru, M., & Torcellini, P. (2007). Source Energy and Emission Factors for Energy Use in Buildings. National Renewable Energy Laboratory, 5-28.

-This source was used for determining emissions from the different building designs.

Ductwork Sheet Metal Gauges (n.d.). In The Engineering Toolbox. Retrieved February 13, 2012, from

-The size and thickness of different ductwork was found here.

DSIRE Staff. (2012). DSIRE Solar. In Database of State Incentives for Renewable & Efficiency. Retrieved March 8, 2012, from

-This database shows the incentives for different green technologies in each state. This was crucial in determining what incentives the photovoltaic solar array could get.

FXFOWLE Architects. 100% Construction Documents Volume 1 – Architectural & Structural. FXFOWLE Architects, New York, NY.

-The architctural drawings were used for take off calculations.

FXFOWLE Architects. 100% Construction Documents Volume 2 – MEP, Fire Protection & Audio Visual. FXFOWLE Architects, New York, NY.

-Take off calculations were done using the mechanical plans. A majority of information was pulled from these drawings throughout this thesis report.

Kneifel, J. D., Lippiatt, B. C., & Rushing, A. S. (2011). Energy Price Indices and Discount Factors For Life-Cycle Cost Analysis. N.p.: NIST.

-Price escalations for electricity and natural gas were found in this document for the life cycle cost analyses.

McQuiston, Faye C., Jerald D. Parker, and Jeffrey D. Spitler. Heating, Ventilating, and Air Conditioning Analysis and Design. 6th ed. USA: John Wiley & Sons, Inc, 2005. N. pag. Print.

-The process for determining pressure drop through piping systems was found here.

National Renewable Energy Laboratory. (2009, March 10). A Performance Calculator . In PVWatts. Retrieved March 7, 2012, from

-This website was used to determine the electrical generation of solar panel arrays.

New York Department of State. Mechanical Code of New York State. Albany, 2007.

-The NYS Mechanical Code was used to find acceptable ventilation rates for rooms.

NFPA 70 National Electric Code 2011 (2011th ed.). (2010). Quincy, MA: National Fire Protection Association.

-The NEC was used in sizing all the wires for the photovoltaic solar array.

Pocket Guide. Atlanta: ASHRAE, 1997.

-The ASHRAE Pocket Guide was used to check values for heating and cooling as well as find loads given off by various office equipment and people.


Reed Construction Data.  (2012). RSMeans Mechanical Cost Data 2012 (33rd ed., pp. 137-312). USA.

-Mechanical equipment costs was found here.


Specifications Books 1-3 (2011). Solicitation NO.: SCA10-006621-1

-Information on the current mechanical systems in Hunter's Point South School was found here.


Steel Construction Manual (13th ed.). American Institute of Steel Construction.

-Strength and deflection values were found here for my structural breadth.


Trane. TRACE 700. Trane, Inc. Piscataway, NJ.

-TRACE was used both for building load calculations as well as an energy model.


U.S. Green Building Council. LEED 2009 for New Construction and Major Renovations. Washington, D.C., 2008.

-The LEED document was used in determining what points Hunter's Point South School would receive for a LEED's rating.



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Note: While great efforts have been taken to provide accurate and complete information on the pages of CPEP, please be aware that the information contained herewith is considered a work in progress for this thesis project. Modifications and changes related to the original building designs and construction methodologies for this senior thesis project are solely the interpretation of Britt Kern. Changes and discrepancies in no way imply that the original design contained errors or was flawed. Differing assumptions, code references, requirements, and methodologies have been incorporated into this thesis project; therefore, investigation results may vary from the original design.

Last Updated: 3/31/2012 by Britt Kern
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