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Existing Conditions Model

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Construction Presentation(Click title for PDF)
Lighting/Electrical Presentation(Click title for PDF)
Mechanical Presentation(Click title for PDF)
Structural Presentation(Click title for PDF)

Students worked together, particularly within their associated discipline, to populate and/or edit a Revit model for items related to their specific discipline. Teams colloaborated to choose the task of modeling the third floor of the Millennium Science Complex. This floor was chosen for its wide variety of space types, opportunity for collaboration, and relative size for analysis.

Schematic Design and Construction Planning

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KGB Maser, as well as other individual teams, researched the design and construction of a science building with an emphasis on the Millennium Science Complex. The report includes an alternate typical floor of the building supported by schematic and preliminary type calculations and cost/schedule justifications.

BIM Process Model Review and Procedural Evaluation

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This submission includes the results from working through the BIM Process Model Procedure.

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Construction Management Tech I Report (Click title for PDF)

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Technical Assignment One is intended to present the exiting conditions and parameters that influenced the design and construction of the Millennium Science Complex.  This project is around 275,000 SF with 40,000 SF of quiet labs, and 9,500 SF of nano-clean room lab space.  The largest challenge with this project is the erection and detailing of the structural steel in the 150-foot cantilevered section of the building.  The erection and sequencing of the steel and precast panels in this section were very carefully laid out to ensure that the façade and structure ended in the correct place after the cantilever was loaded. 

Information regarding the sequencing of this task, and other key features such as, a Project Summary Schedule, a Project Cost Evaluation, a Site Logistics Study, a Constructability Study, and a Project Delivery System are included in the technical report. 

The project is depicted in a summary schedule to be completed by July 7, 2010.  Project cost is evaluated using online estimating software that will provide insight as to where this building is situated relative to industry standards.  Due to the complexity of this building, however it was difficult to find a match to the type of building that Millennium Science Complex will be.  A site logistics study was completed to assess the complexity of underground work that would have to be completed for the utilities, and the issues that would have to be dealt with, in order to uphold pedestrian and vehicular safety.  Finally, a thorough analysis of the clients’ intentions and visions for Millennium Science Complex are summarized and the methods of how Whiting-Turner will deliver to these expectations are explained in the project delivery and staffing plan portions of this technical report.

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Technical Assignment I
Lighting Proposal Memo (Click title for PDF)

Lighting Tech I Report (Click title for PDF)
Lighting Tech I Presentation (Click title for PDF)

Lighting Tech I is a composition of requirements for IPD/BIM Existing Conditions modeling and Lighting/Electrical option Technical Assignment I.  Through negotiation with instructors, the scope of Technical Assignment this document includes a description of an Existing Conditions Model for the Millennium Science Complex, a discussion of existing room conditions with respect to lighting, existing lighting conditions of spaces, and a report on the state of lighting analysis in BIM programs – specifically Revit MEP.

Lighting/Electrical students from three groups collaborated to compose this document.  The existing conditions model is an edited Revit MEP model of the third floor.  All teams agreed to use this section of the building due to its wide variety of spaces that appease requirements for the majority of technical assignments and design opportunity.  The modeling process for power systems, circuiting, and conduits will be discussed in this section of the report.

Students researched architectural drawings, electrical drawings, schedules, and specifications to compose existing room conditions data and models.  The scope of this section includes material finishes, lighting equipment, design criteria, and existing lighting calculation software analysis.

Finally, a discussion on the present state of lighting design in BIM will be presented.  This discussion will include topics of user ability to set material properties, input design criteria into spaces, and how Revit MEP calculates an average illuminance for spaces.

Technical Assignment II
Electrical Tech II Report (Click title for PDF)
Single-Line Diagrams (Click title for PDF)

Electrical Tech II provides a comprehensive diagnosis of the electrical systems in the Millennium Science Complex at Penn State’s University Park Campus. The document will describe the existing design of the electrical distribution system through detailed reviews of the electrical system components. Research includes detailed overviews of the following:
descriptions of service entrances; utility company information; voltage systems; emergency distribution systems; electrical equipment such as transformers, switchgears switchboards, panelboards, uninterruptable power supplies and automatic transfer switches; lighting loads; mechanical loads; and communication systems.

Technical Assignment III
Lighting Tech III Presentation (Click title for PDF)

Lighting students composed a presentation to be displayed to industry professionals for comments. The event will be held at Lutron headquarters in Coopersburg, PA. The spaces contained in the above presentation include all spaces being redesigned by all three IPD/BIM students.

The spaces being redesigned and the students designing are as follows:

Cantilever Courtyard
-Mike Lucas
-Chris Russell

Perimeter Student Study Area
-Jason Brognano
-Mike Lucas
-Chris Russell

Perimeter Distinguished Office
-Jason Brognano

Multi-Purpose Conference Room
-Mike Lucas

An addenda document will be posted to KGB Maser's team proposal and this section after comments have been reviewed and implemented.

Electrical Proposal
Electrical Proposal (Click title for PDF)

Proposed electrical requirements for second semester work are contained in the above document. Upon approval, these items will be integrated into KGB Maser's second semester work.

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Technical Assignment I
Building/Plant Energy Analysis & Mechanical Systems Existing Conditions

Mechanical Tech I Report (Click title for PDF)

The Millennium Science Complex is a four story, 275,600 SF square foot, LEED Gold Certified laboratory and office facility for the Life and Materials Sciences on The Pennsylvania State University, University Park campus.  Located on the eastern end of campus at the corner of E. Pollack and Bigler Rd, the Millennium Science Complex will be the focus of the Integrated Project Delivery / Building Information Modeling Thesis (IPD/BIM Thesis).  The building will house research facilities for the Material Sciences and Life Sciences departments.  This report provides a preliminary investigation of the existing mechanical conditions and building/plant loads.  From the basis of this analysis, we will be able to propose and investigate other design options in future reports.

The third floor of the Millennium Complex, roughly 45,000 SF, was selected as the focus of the building for this analysis and will be more strictly studied throughout the progression of our research.  This floor provides a unique opportunity to study both life and material science laboratories, while incorporating common offices and conference rooms.  The third floor is within the scope of a detailed analysis while providing complex interactions between all disciplines. While the whole building will be considered on a holistic level, actual calculations, coordination, and analyses in this report focus solely on the third floor.

The Millennium Science Complex’s mechanical system assists the project with energy savings and result in a LEED Gold certification.  An energy analysis of the third floor yielded 22% energy savings when compared to an ASHRAE Standard 90.1 model.  Based on this comparison, the design of the entire building is expected to achieve 14% energy savings.  The mechanical systems required for the varying uses of the Complex occupy approximately 15% of the building’s total area.  An estimation of the cost of the system was not attainable at the time of this report.

As part of the IPD/BIM Thesis, the mechanical reports will approach mechanical design with the purpose to create synergies with the architectural, lighting, electrical, environmental, and construction facets of design.  By creating a more integrated design process, research should evolve a building design that improves the quality of its occupants’ lives while decreasing the impact of the building on the environment. 

This report begins the mechanical analyses that will be a part of the integrated design process.  This paper develops the existing load, system, and energy conditions, so that future improvements may be tracked and compared.  It begins with a general description of standards and design assumptions used to accurately model the functions and conditions of the Millennium Science Complex.  This report goes on to create an analysis of the energy expended by the operation of the building along with its cost and environmental impacts.  The major systems will be broken down for an understanding of their function. And finally, this report will provide insight into how Integrated Project Delivery and Building Information Modeling have been utilized to improve our analyses.

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Technical Assignment I

Structural Tech I Report (Click title for PDF)
Structural Tech I Presentation (Click title for PDF)

The purpose of the Structural Concepts/Structural Existing Conditions Report is to describe the structural nature of the Millennium Science Complex, while also analyzing the functionality of the structural system to resist applicable loadings.  This cutting edge research laboratory lends itself to faculties of both Life and Materials Sciences.  Originally intended to be two separate buildings, further design by Rafael Viñoly Architects incorporated a large 150’ cantilever merging the two buildings into one.

This research facility is located in University Park, Pennsylvania on The Pennsylvania State University campus.  The building is composed of 4 stories with numerous cantilevered roofs that progressively step back.  The smallest of levels is located over the cantilever and houses the mechanical equipment for the building’s many laboratories.  The primary structure of the building is a steel frame with 2 large steel-concrete composite truss systems, incorporating large C-shaped shear walls to resist the overturning moments created by the cantilever. 

Gravity and Lateral load calculations were performed on the building.  Spot checks of a typical frame were calculated to confirm the design of a typical composite deck, composite beam, composite girder, and column.  The design of these typical gravity resisting members were confirmed and reported later in the spot check section of this report.  Wind and seismic calculations were performed using ASCE7-05 and initial design terms were compared to those listed by the structural designer, Thornton Tomasetti.

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This page is continuously updated by this BIM/IPD group and is hosted by the AE Department (C)2010

Note: While great efforts have been taken to provide accurate and complete information on the pages of CPEP, please be aware that the information contained herewith is considered a work-in-progress for this thesis project. Modifications and changes related to the original building designs and construction methodologies for this senior thesis project are solely the interpretation of this BIM/IPD group. Changes and discrepancies in no way imply that the original design contained errors or was flawed. Differing assumptions, code references, requirements, and methodologies have been incorporated into this thesis project; therefore, investigation results may vary from the original design.