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The following sources were used for research throughout the development of technical reports, design proposals and the final design alternatives:


ASHRAE guidelines were used to analyze the compliance of River Vue Apartments with indoor air quality, ventilation, fenestration, energy, and other requirements:
  • ASHRAE, 2007, ANSI/ASHRAE, Standard 62.1-2007, Ventilation for Acceptable Indoor Air Quality. American Society of Heating Refrigeration and Air Conditioning Engineers, Inc. Atlanta, GA
  • ASHRAE 2007, ANSI/ASHRAE, Standard 90.1-2007, Energy Standard for Building Except Low Rise Residential Buildings. American Society of Heating Refrigeration and Air-Conditioning Engineers, Inc. Atlanta, GA.
  • ASHRAE (2009), 2009 ASHRAE Handbook of Fundamentals
Energy Usage and Emissions Data:
  • "Source Energy and Emission Factors for Energy Use in Buildings." M. Deru and P. Torcellini. National Renewable Energy Laboratory. June 2007.
  • Environmental Protection Agency website
Financing and Inflation of Building Costs:
  • Information on HUD 220 Program:
  • Information on HUD 220 Program:
Building construction data
  • River Vue Apartments Contract Drawings and Specifications
  • Color site photos used throughout this website and all technical reports taken by Laura Pica, August 2011
Utility costs and rate structures:
Cost estimate data:
  • “RSMeans Mechanical Cost Data 2010” edited by Melville Mossman, RSMeans, Reed Construction Data, Construction Publishers and Consultants. 2009. Kingston, MA.
  • “RSMeans Electrical Cost Data 2009” edited by Melville Mossman, RSMeans, Reed Construction Data, Construction Publishers and Consultants. 2008. Kingston, MA.

Demand Control Ventilation systems:

  • Holmberg, David. (November 2011). Demand Response and Standards. ASHRAE Journal, pages B23-B35.
  • “Demand Controlled Ventilating System, State of the Art Review” by Willigert Raatschen, International Energy Agency.  February 1990. Stockholm, Sweeden.
  • John, David. (September 2011). Designing for Comfort. ASHRAE Journal, pages 38-47.
  • Shapiro, Ian. (October 2011). HVAC Selection for Envelope-Dominated Buildings. ASHRAE Journal, pages 30-40.
  • Stipe, Marty. (2003) Demand-Control Ventilation Design Guide. Oregon Office of Energy.
  • Turner, Stephen. (June 2011). What’s New in ASHRAE’s Standard on Comfort. ASHRAE Journal, pages 42-48.
  • Runaround Coil loop information was gathered from the following source:
  • “Coil Loop Recovery Systems” Accessed January 25, 2012.
  • “CO2 Based Ventilation Control.” ASHRAE Journal, February 2012. Published by W. Comstock. Atlanta, GA.
  • GE CO2 Sensors :
Photovoltaic Arrays and Solar Thermal Technology:
  • Beckman, Duffie. (2006). Solar Engineering of Thermal Processes, Third Edition.
  • Bushby, Steven. (November 2011). Information Model Standard for Integrating Facilities with Smart Grid. ASHRAE Journal, pages B18-B22.
  • Newell, Ty and Newell, Ben. (June 2011). Solar Collection and Use. ASHRAE Journal, pages 72-77.  
  • Vendor Information :
  • Photovoltaic array design guide by PV Watts:
Solar Design Incentives and Funding:
Geothermal Loop Systems for Underground Use:
  • Geothermal Loops – Geothermal Loopfields. Eagle Mountain Products. Accessed December 5, 2011.
Absorption Chillers and Corresponding Mechanical Systems:
  • McQuiston, Parker & Spitler. (2005). Heating, Ventilating, and Air Conditioning Analysis and Design. Sixth Edition. 
  • Wang, Kai and Vineyard, Edward. (September 2011). Absorption Refrigeration. ASHRAE Journal, pages 14-24.










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note: while great efforts have been taken to provide accurate and complete information on the pages of CPEP, please be aware that the information contained herewith is considered a work‐in progress for this thesis project. modifications and changes related to the original building designs and construction methodologies for this senior thesis project are solely the interpretation of laura pica. changes and discrepancies in no way imply that the original design contained errors or was flawed. differing assumptions, code references, requirements, and methodologies have been incorporated into this thesis project; therefore, investigation results may vary from the original design.


date last edited: 3/21/12